Tanzania’s Criminal Justice System: Analysis of President Samia’s Commission Key Findings & Recommendations

Presidential Commission to Review Tanzania's Criminal Justice System -
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January 31, 2023, marked a significant milestone in Tanzania as President Samia Suluhu Hassan took a bold step to address the challenges plaguing Tanzania’s Justice System. President Hassan inaugurated a Commission dedicated to examining and improving the performance of the nation’s criminal justice institutions with a vision of promoting fairness, efficiency, and human rights.

Under the capable leadership of Retired Chief Justice Mohamed Chande Othman as the Chairman and Retired Chief Secretary Ambassador Ombeni Yohana Sefue as the Vice Chairman, along with a distinguished team of nine members, the Commission embarked on a critical mission. The members were carefully selected, bringing together diverse expertise and perspectives to comprehensively analyse the issues.

Tanzania Digest has meticulously collected key details regarding the current state of Tanzania’s justice system and the significant recommendations by the Commission appointed by President Samia Suluhu Hassan.

The members of the Presidential Commission tasked with reviewing Tanzania's Justice System​

Former Chief Justice Mohammed Chande Othman chaired the commission; the commission’s members included former Chief Secretary Ambassador Ombeni Sefue as the deputy chairperson, Edward Hosea, the former president of the Tanganyika Law Society (TLS), Yahya Khamisi Hamad, the former president of the Zanzibar Law Society (ZLS).

Others were Saada Ibrahim Makungu, a former member of the Police Force; Omary Issa, the chairperson of the Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited (Tanesco) board; Baraka Leonard, a senior official from the President’s Office; Attorney General Dr Eliezer Feleshi, Dr Laurean Ndumbaro, the former Permanent Secretary of Public Service Management and Good Governance, as well as former Inspector-General of Police (IGP), Said Mwema and former IGP Ernest Mangu.

The timeline of activities

Presidential Commission to Review Tanzania's Criminal Justice System -
January 31, 2023

A presidential commission on the review of Tanzania's criminal justice system Inaugurated

The President of the United Republic of Tanzania, Her Excellency Dr Samia Suluhu Hassan, inaugurated a Commission to Examine How to Improve Tanzania's Justice System.

Marchi 6 ,2023

Presidential Commission visit Mwanza

The members of the Presidential Commission, assigned with the crucial task of scrutinizing Tanzania's Justice System for potential improvements, diligently pursue their mission by visiting diverse institutions and engaging in constructive discussions with institutional leaders and community groups in Mwanza.

May 2 ,2023

Analysis to provide a preliminary draft of recommendations.

After three months of gathering stakeholders' feedback, the Commission for Improving the Criminal Justice System and Institutions in the Country commenced analysis to provide a preliminary draft of recommendations.

July 15, 2023

President Samia Suluhu Hassan receives the report.

Presented by the Chairman of the Commission, Retired Chief Justice Mohamed Chande Othman, at a ceremony held at the State House in Dar es Salaam.

Tanzania's criminal justice system: Summary of procedures for subordinate courts

Infographic showing Tanzania's Criminal Justice System by Tanzania Digest

Key findings and Recommendations

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